The Sagargad fort is said to exist since the Satvahan dynasty. In the books it is mentioned in the Treaty of Purander (1655 AD) where Shivaji gave 33 forts to the Moghuls. It is also said that Sagargard Fort was later given to Angre, the naval chief of the Marathas in return for loyalty against Shahu Chhattrapati of Satara. In the mid-19th century the British took the fort and built retreat homes on it.
My last trek was a month back until I got an invitation to trek to Sagargad “toh mai khud ko rok na paya” (I couldn’t stop myself). The weekend wanderer spirit of mine was now pumped! Our trek was supposed to be a group bike ride from Panvel ST Stand to the base village, Khandale and then beginning our trek at night.
I was ready to leave my home when I got a disappointing call that my bike partner can’t make it. “Ab kya karu?”(what now?). I want to go but how? “Triple seat bike par jana bhi possible nahi” (triple seat is not possible on a bike). I was adamant to go. I informed my friends that I would meet them at the base village somehow.
A Sea Fort Atop Green Hills
- “ALIBAG” – This word spells excitement to a Mumbaikar; breath-taking scenery, delightful seafood and lots of entertainment.
- Alibag also consists of some exquisite sea forts around it like Korlai Fort, Kulaba Fort, The Twin Fort of Undheri and Khanderi, Revdanda Fort, the famous Jhangira Fort and Sagargad fort. Sagargad Fort and the Vanartok Pinnacle.
Sagargad Trek Guide
by Aashish Chawla
Journey from Panvel to Base Village Khandale:
I took the 6:16 pm Panvel Local train from Andheri station and reached Panvel station at 8.00pm. I rushed from the station to the Panvel ST Stand which is hardly 5 min walk from the station to catch the bus going to Khandale Village (Base Village for Sagargad Trek).
I was told that the frequency of buses going to Alibag is good, yet I waited for more than 30 minutes for the bus to come. Finally when the bus came it was fully packed coming from Borivali.
Somehow I managed to get into the bus. The bus journey was a real big pain for me “Ek toh mai akela upar se murge ki tarah ek tang per Khada “(one thing that im alone, on top of that I was standing on one leg like a chicken), yes I was literally dangling from the rod. Imagine traveling like this for 2.5 hrs.
Khandale Village to Siddheshwer temple:
I reached Khandale Village at 11 o’clock. Most buses going to Alibag stop here but you’ll have to inform the conductor. There is a motor-able road next to a signboard which goes through the Khandale village. So if you are coming by ST bus then you may have to walk around 3-4kms or take an auto if available.
Another way to reach Khandale Village is to take the early morning launch from Gateway of India and from there a connecting bus to Alibag. I was lucky that my biker friends were there at the Khandale bus stop and with them I went triple seated to the end of the village where we parked our bikes at a village house.
Just ahead of the motor-able road the bullock cart / dirt road begins, through the fields and forest. This 20 min walk led us to the stone stairs where the real climb started. During monsoon season a stream of water flows down.
Only a few steps up and there is a small diversion on the right that took us to the 100 feet long Dhondana Waterfall. We descended for over 20 minutes to reach the base of the waterfall.
It’s a 45 mins-1 hr climb on the stone stairs to the Siddheshwar temple /Asham. There are roughly 350 stone stairs. Since our trek was during the night with cool breeze we didn’t feel tired much. Climbing these steps during the day could get exhausting.
The mid-point of the trek is Siddheshwar Temple and Ashram. It is a temple of Shiva, where the people of nearby villages come to pray. The temple can also accommodate around 25 people. Just before the temple there is a trail on the left that goes to Sagargad.
This trail is just before the temple. However, we decided to visit the temple before going to Sagargad. There is an Ashram and a well behind Siddheshwar Temple. There was also a stream of water, which, during Monsoon, acts as a small waterfall. This stream connects to the Dhondana waterfall.
After praying at the temple we continued our trek to Sagargad machi. From this point it took us hardly 15 minutes to reach Sagargad village. (5 min climb and 10 min plain road) There’s a well just before the village, where villagers collect water. During the summer when the well is dry they go to the Ashram well to get water.
It was a full moon night so the trek was more enjoyable. When we reached the temple around 1:30 am, there was a hand-full of people. The village dogs started barking at us but we continued moving ahead till we reached the village school.
Just to the right of this school there is a dirt track. Not far from this point is a large clearing, keep walking further. We walked straight till we reached a forest. The path was unclear but we could find the way through the bushes.
We followed the trail till we reached a point where Sagargad Fort and Vanertok were visible. From the village to Sagargad there is no climbing so it’s a good trek for beginner trekkers.
You can see Sagargad Fort on the right and as you keep walking you come across its walls.
We walked along the walls until an opening of stone stairs leading to the fort and eventually to the top of Sagargad. As we passed through this entrance we took a right turn. The initial walk was through overgrown vegetation and we got a feel of walking through the forest.
After a 5 minute walk through the thick greenery we reached Shiva temple on the top of Sagargad fort.
This Shiva temple has few relics, Nandi idol, Shiv Ling, and a Ganpati Idol. This temple can house around 4 people but it’s not well maintained.
On the left of the temple is a water tank that supplies potable water.
The fascinating thing about this water tank is a tube shaped as a cow’s mouth. Therefore it is called Gaumukh. From this point Vanartok is hiding behind the mountains. We kept walking towards it until we came across British quarters. Gigantic plateaus were visible from this point.
It was 3 am when we reached the Sagargad Top. The breeze was blowing at a very good speed and the view was amazing. We all took out our bed sheets and prepared to spend the night on the plateau. It was a great feeling lying down on the chilled ground watching the stars and full moon. “Life ho toh aise” (This is how life should be).
Next morning we got up at 6.00 am. The sky had an orange touch to it. It was time to explore the top Plateau of Sagargad now.
What to see on the Sagargad Top.
1. Vanartok: Its on the southern side of the fort. This Pinnacle is independent of the sagargad plateau.The only problem of climbing this pinnacle is that it is not bolted therefore dangerous.
2. Goumukh: The Watertank as explained above.
3.Water Pond : There is a big pond in Sagargad however it is not safe/clean water and a villager claimed snakes live in
4. Fortification :
a) Most of the fort is destroyed except the walls of the northern side.
b) Ruins of the British Quarters
5. Standing on the top one can have beauitful views of Manikgad , Karnala, Mirgad on the Eastern side. Arabian sea, Revdanda Fort on the Western side.
After visiting the fort and Pinnacle climb we made our way back to the base.
Another fantastic trek comes to end and my bus trip back to Panvel begins, fortunately with a seat. I’m already looking forward to and ready for the next trek!
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The secret to ascending any trail lies in building your cardiovascular endurance. You can begin by jogging everyday. Ideally, you should be able to jog 4 km in 20 minutes before the start of the trek. It takes time to be able to cover this distance in the given time. Start slow and increase your pace everyday. Swimming, cycling and stair climbing without too many breaks in between can help too. Strength This is another area you should work on. You will need to build strength in your muscles and in your core body. You can do some squats to strengthen your leg muscles. Do around 3 sets of squats, with 8 squats in each set. Apart from this, you can add planks and crunches to your work out.
Another aspect that will help you trek comfortably is flexibility. For this, you can do some stretching exercises – stretch your hamstrings, quadriceps, hip flexors, lower back muscles and shoulders regularly. Carrying a backpack, however light, can become a strain after a while. These exercises will help you to be in good shape before the trek. Working out indoors
If you can’t go out and jog because of time and space constraints, here’s a video you can use to work out indoors.
No, stuffing it all in isn’t the right way to do it Packing a backpack correctly saves precious time that you might waste trying to find your things later. It is wise to spend some time on learning what really goes into packing a backpack.
What should I pack? On a trek, you only get what you take. Something as simple as a forgotten matchbox can cripple your cooking plans throughout the trek. So, it’s essential to prepare early and prepare well. To begin with, make a checklist. While shopping, remember this thumb rule – keep it light. “Every item needs to be light. This ensures that your backpack, on the whole, stays light,” says Sandhya UC, co-founder of Indiahikes. Balancing out heavy items with light ones isn’t going to have the same effect as having all light items. “Always opt for good quality, light items,” says Sandhya.
How much should my bag weigh?
“Your backpack for a weekend trek should weigh between 8 and 10 kg,” explains Arjun Majumdar, co-founder of Indiahikes, “To break it down, your tent should weigh around 2.5 kg, your sleeping bag, around 1.5 kg, and the ration, stove and clothes should constitute the other 5 kg.” The best way to plan is by concentrating on the basic necessities – food, shelter and clothes. Gather only those things that you’ll need to survive. Do not pack for ‘if’ situations. “That’s one of the common mistakes that people make – packing for ‘if situations’. It only adds to the baggage that you can do without on a trek,” says Sandhya.
One good way to go about it is to prepare a list of absolute essentials. Start with the most essential and end with the least essential. That way, when you feel you are overshooting the limit, you can start eliminating from the bottom. Another tip is to be smart while packing clothes. Invest in light. wash and wear fabrics. “Replace a sweater with two t-shirts,” adds Sandhya. Layering is the mantra when it comes to trekking. Refer to Sandhya’s clothes list to pack smart.
How to pack The thumb rule for this one is to eliminate air spaces. Make sure that everything is packed tightly, especially clothes and jackets, as they tend to take up maximum air space. Put in all the large items first. Then squeeze in the smaller ones in the gaps. This ensures minimum air space. A good way to pack clothes is by using the Ranger Roll method.
Where to pack Bottom Sleeping bag: Make this your base layer. Sleeping bags tend to be voluminous, but do not weigh much. They’re perfect for the bottom of the bag. Tent: Just like the sleeping bag, even tents are voluminous and light. Keep the tent poles separately and place the fabric at the bottom of the backpack. Middle Heavy jacket: Roll up the jacket in a tight ball and place it in the middle of the backpack, close to your back. The middle region of the backpack should always have the heaviest items. You can store other things like ration or mini stoves in the middle. Other clothes: Roll other clothes and place them in the remaining space, to fill air gaps.
Top Water: Water, although heavy, needs to be easily accessible. So put it in the top most region of your backpack. Medicine box: This is another component that you wouldn’t want to be scavenging for when in need. Poncho: It could rain at any time in the mountains. So, ponchos should be accessible easily. Also, having a waterproof poncho at the top of the backpack provides additional waterproofing to items in the bag.