How Microspikes Came Into Indian Trekking

Around 12 years ago, when trekkers trekked on snow or ice in our country, slips and falls were very common. 

“I’ve seen a trekker slip on a snow bridge, hit his head on a rock and drop unconscious right before my eyes. We had to stretcher him off,” recollects Sandhya UC, the co-founder of Indiahikes. This was her experience on the very first team that Indiahikes took to Rupin Pass, back in 2010. 

Fast forward to today, go to any snowy slope, you’ll see trekkers walking comfortably on hard ice. It has become near-normal. Nobody slips anymore. 

There’s just one small equipment that’s keeping them safe — microspikes.  

Today, I want to tell you the story of how microspikes were introduced to high altitude trekking in our country. You’ll be surprised because nobody outside of Indiahikes knows this story and it’s the first time I’m sharing it. 

Did you know that microspikes were introduced to high altitude trekking by Indiahikes? 

“When we had just started Indiahikes, we used to trek snowy and icy trails with bare shoes,” says Arjun Majumdar, the founder of Indiahikes. In the early days of Indiahikes, we would take trekkers to Roopkund, Rupin Pass, Stok Kangri, Kedarkantha

“All these trails were covered in good amounts of snow and ice. Slips and falls were very common. Some trekkers would get injured too,” shares Arjun.

“This rattled us quite a bit! High altitude trekking in our country could never progress if this was how trekking on icy slopes was going to be,” he adds. 

This left our founders in deep thought. 

Experiments that didn’t work 

“Our instinctive approach was to seek mountain experts — that’s mountaineering institutes in our country,” shares Sandhya. “They suggested we use crampons.” 

If you don’t know, crampons are what mountaineers use to climb icy slopes, often near-vertical slopes. These have long metal teeth at the bottom, and teeth in the front as well. These help in vertical climbs in the mountains.

Crampons used by mountaineers. Picture from REI

But crampons did not cut it.

“Crampons were too elaborate for the trekking world. You could not trek with them. You could only climb with them. We needed something simpler, lighter, something trekkers wouldn’t struggle using,” says Sandhya. 

Their research took them further to the IMF (Indian Mountaineering Foundation), but the IMF couldn’t give them an answer either. 

Edging closer to a solution

“After a while, it struck us to look at what western countries did in their daily lives. Many countries in the Northern Hemisphere have snow for over 7 months. They would have snow on their driveways, side walks, roads, everywhere. But they would also have to step out and go about their daily work. So we started to research what they used in their daily lives,” says Arjun. 

That’s when the founders discovered that some westerners wore cleats to walk on snow. They would attach cleats to their shoes. 

Cleats that are used in Western countries during snowy seasons. Picture from Amazon

But cleats were not good enough either.

“Cleats were not enough to give us traction on snow on slopes. They were alright for flat surfaces. They wouldn’t work on the kind of inclines we had on our Himalayan treks,” shares Sandhya. 

Finally discovering microspikes

But discovering cleats set them thinking. They wondered what people in western countries did for heavy duty work. It was while investigating further that Arjun and Sandhya discovered microspikes. 

“We saw that people were using something called microspikes for their jogs in snow. We thought wow! If you can jog on snow, you can surely trek on snow with these,” shares Arjun.

They discovered that westerners use microspikes for their jogs in snow. They immediately wanted to test them out!

But they were skeptical. They wondered if this equipment would last the rigours of a trek. 

Sandhya immediately imported two of them to try on their upcoming winter trek.

“We were apprehensive about whether they would last a full-fledged Himalayan trek,” recollects Sandhya. 

Experimenting with microspikes on the Kedarkantha trek

To test the effectiveness of the microspikes, Arjun and Sandhya took them on the Kedarkantha winter trek. They decided to test them on the frozen lake of Juda Ka Talab. 

“I remember seeing Arjun put it on and carefully walk on the lake. We were so anxious at that time,” shares Sandhya. “All trekkers were watching, they were curious too,” she says. 

Arjun experimenting with the first imported microspikes on the frozen Juda Ka Talab on the Kedarkantha trek. Picture by Sandhya UC

Arjun stepped on the lake, hesitant at first, then little more confident. The spikes held. He didn’t slip on the icy surface. Then he took a short jump and light sprint. The microspikes stood up beautifully!

“We were elated that it worked!” he smiles. 

A hardcore test of microspikes

But Arjun and Sandhya were still apprehensive. Testing them on a relatively smaller terrain of Juda-Ka-Talab was one thing. But would microspikes last a full fledged winter trek?

Given that they wanted to introduce this to trekking in a large way for trekkers’ safety, our founders wanted to be sure they worked on all kinds of terrain. 

That’s when they decided to give the microspikes a hardcore test. They decided to test them on the Chadar Trek Exploration (not many trekkers know that Indiahikes put the Chadar trek on the map as it is today. Read the story here.)

“Chadar is a frozen river trek. You walk on the icy surface of the river for days together. In a 5-6 day trek, any trekker would have fallen at least 50-60 times,” says Arjun. That was the norm on the Chadar trek.

It was the first time anyone was wearing this equipment on the frozen Zanskar. 

“When we did the trek with the microspikes, we did not fall a single time. Can you imagine that? We walked fearlessly, without falls, without any injuries!” exclaims Arjun. 

Not only did they walk comfortably, they could also walk much faster because it was safer. It improved the quality of trekking on the Chadar to a huge extent. 

Sandhya walking on the frozen Zanskar river was the final test for microspikes. Picture by Arjun Majumdar

Introducing microspikes to Indian trekking 

After the microspikes passed the Chadar test, there was no looking back. 

“We brought these into Indian trekking immediately, and used it that very year on all our high altitude treks that summer. Trekkers loved them! Slips and falls on ice vanished almost overnight. Every other trekking organisation recognised this brilliant feature and adopted it to their treks by the next year,” concludes Arjun. 

Today, microspikes have become such a necessary safety equipment that we cannot imagine trekking without it. It’s something that’s as natural as a backpack or trekking shoes.

And that’s the story of how Indiahikes brought it to Indian trekking. 

I’ll share something else with you. Outside India, very few countries use microspikes for winter treks as we do. They still have not caught on to the benefits of using microspikes.

Trekkers walking with microspikes on the Brahmatal winter trek. Picture by Vishwas Krishnamurthy

This is just one of many stories. There are similar creation stories of how Indiahikes has changed trekking in our country. It is not without reason that Indiahikes is the most loved and respected trekking organisation in India. 

I hope I can share all these stories with you someday.

If you have used microspikes, tell us what you felt reading this story. We’re curious to know. 

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15 thoughts on “How Microspikes Came Into Indian Trekking

  1. Microspikes existed way before Indiahikes did. We used microspikes in our Bara Lacha expedition in 1968 from our mountaineering club of JU. Perhaps you made a more modern version of it but it was existing in the trekking community of India way before that.

  2. I have hikes over thousands miles in micro spikes and trail crampons, Kahtoola performance best on slushy snow and they do not ball up snow but Hillsound has better traction on ice since it has longer teeth, they have metal plate which causes balling of snow. There is nothing in comparison to full crampons with these spikes.

  3. I’ve yet to hike in the snow. I’ve done three Himalayan hikes, all in Nepal, and NOT during snowfall (thankfully!!) However, when I do a very long hike (hopefully coming up in 2022, pending COVID sitaution) I will DEFINTELY get some of these. I’m glad I read this, bc, yes, as you said, I am not sure other countries are using this, and I am not sure that this equipment is being recommended as a must-have… even though we will be hiking in the snow, for sure!

  4. As usual good to read the article.

    I really wish you guys did treks like Stok( although it is closed for couple of yrs now), Auden’s col, etc.

  5. Can you recommend good microspikes to go for. I was looking for them and could not find a good pair in india. Or do i have to import them?

    1. Unfortunately, we are yet to find high quality microspikes in our country. We still import them from Kathoola. In fact, “microspikes” is their brand name too. You could check them out.

  6. Micro spikes were very useful in our trek to kedarkantha in 2017 during the summit climb , which was fresh ice. This is a well thought off idea and a need for trekking in snow / ice / gradients.. .

    IH had different sizes and which my 7 year old son also could use during the climb.

  7. On the hampta pass trek on the last day where you cross over to spiti valley we needed to cross a slippery hill. It was around 50mts long. The snow had frozen and i was skeptical as i had had a lot of falls walking on flat ice when working abroad. The leaders from IH made us wear these spikes and then it came so easy. It was a different world.
    Big booster to do winter treks.

  8. Swati,
    I am really thankful to you for such a wonderful and lucid way of explaining crampons and microspikes also in a story format.

    I had been searching a lot on the internet and was confused to buy crampons or microspikes for Himalayan Trek.

    This has cleared all my queries.

    Moreover, regularly getting wonderful emails from you has clearly demonstrated that IndiaHikes has no comparison.

    Personal regards for you,

    Suresh Ramrakhiani

  9. Love to read your articles Swati . If not something new to learn , it helps relive memories. Yes , used crampons and micro spikes with IH. With age and reflexes not as quick as before , the fear of a fall , more so one on snow and ice is worrying .Buran Ghati in May 2019 was one of the worst in terms of snow right through .The pass crossing day , we were hit with a relentless snowstorm as well . If not for the micro spikes , really don’t know how safe and secure out trek would have been . It is just like walking on the plains and just that feeling and thought is so comforting. Thanks to IH , I always feel you are the reason I have been able to enjoy treks more and more and I am sure you will look at any other issues one could face and bring in a solution to that too and allow the joys of treks grow further for all irrespective of their age . Thank you IH .

  10. Congratulations to the entire India Hikes team for introducing microspikes on Himalayan treks in good numbers. Well I have personally never used microspikes but being a Mountaineering Instructor have heavily used Crampons mainly on ice and sometimes on hard snow. However I have tried in the past, over short distances, something called imported rubber grips which are put below your shoes of which I do not have a picture right now. I have also used cricket shoes sometimes for trekking on snow.

  11. Wonderful to know that IH had been so much thoughtful towards trekkers. My personal experience on micro spikes were quite well. However, if the same functional excellence could be provided by a lighter material it would be great for new trekkers. Just a thought☺