How To Go About A Mountaineering Course In India

For all of you looking to pursue a career in mountaineering or trekking, a mountaineering course is strongly recommended. But there is not much information out there about how to prepare and register for, and eventually complete a mountaineering course.

In this article, I hope to address exactly these aspects.

I completed a Basic Mountaineering Course early in 2018. I got my certification from NIMAS, one of the more recent mountaineering institutions.

But I did a whole lot of research before my mountaineering course. I’m sharing everything I learnt from my research here.

The artificial climbing wall (75ft) at Camp 0 (NIMAS campus)

Courses and Institutes

To begin with, there are various courses in mountaineering.

Most institutes require the completion of the Basic Mountaineering Course (with a certain grade) to register for the Advanced Mountaineering Course. After completing the Advanced Mountaineering Course (with a certain grade), one can apply for the Method of Instruction or/and the Search and Rescue course.

Theory classes at Camp 0 (NIMAS campus) are an important part of the course.

There are five nationalised mountaineering institutes in India which are considered to be the best. In the order of establishment date, they are:

Himalayan Mountaineering Institute, Darjeeling (founded in 1954)
Atal Bihari Vajpai Institute of Mountaineering and Allied Sports, Manali (founded in 1961)
Nehru Institute of Mountaineering, Uttarkashi (founded in 1965)
Jawahar Institute of Mountaineering, Jammu and Kashmir (founded in 1983)
National Institute of Mountaineering and Allied Sports, Arunachal Pradesh (founded in 2013)

Most people look for the best institute while registering for the basic mountaineering course. I chose the one which had the least waiting time with an option to register online – NIMAS, Arunachal Pradesh. The waiting time is the most significant difference among the institutes.

The course fee also varies between the institutes but still subsidised greatly, since they are supported by the Ministry of Defence. This fee includes the training fees, food and stay for the duration of the course.

Here are the approximate the waiting times and course fees (as of August 2018):

InstituteApprox. wait timeCourse fee for Indians (excluding extra taxes/charges)Course fee for Foreigners (excluding extra taxes/charges)
NIM, Uttarkashi2 yrsRs. 7600 $800
HMI, Darjeeling1.5 yrsRs. 7750$800
JIM, J&K6-8 monthsRs. 14000 (7600 J&K residents)$800
NIMAS, DirangNo wait timeRs. 15500N/A
ABVIMAS, ManaliNo wait timeRs. 17000$850

Note: These are just approximate waiting time which can vary according to circumstances. It can increase or decrease in the coming years.

After doing some research, I learnt that the teaching methodology is quite similar in all the institutes. However, each institute has their own focus area. For example, while HMI and NIM focus more on strength during their physical training, JIM focuses on long distance running and NIMAS focuses on trekking. In fact, most of the physical training at NIMAS involved trekking for long distances(12km-35km) with a heavy backpack. The main reason being the huge distance from the NIMAS Base camp to the glacier training area. It is approximately 80 km away, which is twice as far as that of the other institutes.

Approach to Ice wall art Merathang glacier

Another significant difference that I learnt of was the difference in the equipment. The thumb rule being, older institutes have older equipment and the newer institutes have newer equipment. Although this is second-hand information, it is not hard to believe.

How to Register for the course

1. After you choose your preferred institute, click one of the links mentioned above to enter their website. Click on the “Admissions” or “Courses” tab.

3. Select “Basic Mountaineering Course” as the course you want to register for. Usually, the institute mentions the earliest batch available and the respective batch code.

4. After selecting your preferred batch, go through the application procedure. Remember to go through the eligibility criteria carefully.

5. Download the application form and fill it carefully (or fill it online). Check and recheck for mistakes.

6. Post the application form along with the course fee in the form of a DD/Cheque (whichever is mentioned in the application procedure).

The confirmation of your booked seat comes in the form of a post or/and an e-mail or/and a phone call. Most application forms have a helpline number which you can contact in case you don’t receive a confirmation.

How to train for a BMC

At most institutes, the Basic Mountaineering Course is intense and requires a decent level of fitness.
Although they do not test your physical fitness as part of their routine, within the first few days, the ones who are underprepared back out on their own. The medical officer checks your vitals every other day to ensure that your body is acclimatizing well.

The most important aspect that needs focus is your ability to carry a 20 kg rucksack for long distances. Even if you are a marathon runner, practice jogging or at least trekking with a heavy backpack.

River crossing training at Camp 1 (New Malling)

Going on at least two difficult treks within two months from the start of your course will help a lot. Apart from endurance, also focus on strength and rock climbing techniques. If there is an indoor rock climbing arena in your city, go there regularly for at least a month. This will equip you with the right techniques and confidence for rock climbing.

Rockcraft training at Camp 1 (New Malling)

Here is a weekly workout regime to train for the course:

6 months to course start (Phase 1):
Run 5km twice a week
Beginner Strength training twice a week
Cross training once a week (Climbing/Cycling/Swimming/Sport of your choice)
Beginner Yoga once a week

3 months to course start (Phase 2):
Run 5km (with 10kg backpack) twice a week
Intermediate Strength training twice a week
Cross training once a week (Climbing/Cycling/Swimming/Sport of your choice)
Intermediate Yoga once a week

1 month to course start (Phase 3):
Trek 10km (with 10kg backpack and some altitude gain) twice a week
Intensive strength training once a week
Cross training once a week (Climbing/Cycling/Swimming/Sport of your choice)
Intensive Yoga once a week

Run at your own pace and try reducing your time gradually. Your timing is not really important here.

Rockcraft training at Camp 0 (NIMAS campus)

You can go for the two difficult treks by skipping a couple of weeks. When you’re back from the trek, remember to ease into the workout regime rather than start from where you left off. For example, if you were in Phase 2 when you left for the trek. When you return, do a week of Phase 1 training and then restart Phase 2 training.

Please avoid over-training because it increases the risk of an injury. I made this mistake and I was injured for two whole months with minimal training. Luckily, I recovered 15 days before the course and completed the course without any mishaps.

Campsite shifting – on the way to Camp 4 (Merathang)

Based on what do they assess you?

Although it differs from institute to institute, the basic assessment criteria is mainly focused on Rockcraft, Icecraft, Endurance and a written test. There is no need to prepare for any of these. Learning rock climbing techniques for Rockcraft is an added advantage, not a requirement.

Here is the complete criteria based on which they assessed us:

Assessment typeMarks allotted
Written test50
Endurance test20
Survival test10
Mountain manners5
Director's assessment10

What a day in the basic mountaineering course looks like

Crevasse rescue training at Camp 4 (Merathang)

Most of our days started early except for a few on the last campsite (when the weather was bad). After freshening up and a quick breakfast, our P.T would involve a long trek with a 15 kg backpack, followed by rockcraft training. In case we were shifting camps that day, we would carry the whole load of 22 kg (approx.) along with packed lunch and trek to the next campsite. After which we would either rest or participate in simple activities like a survival test or knots practice. The evenings were usually filled in with theory classes on various topics including Mountain terminology, Glaciers, Rescue techniques etc.

This is what our time-table usually looked like:

500 hours: Wake up
600 hours: Physical Training
800 hours: Breakfast
900 hours: Rockcraft training
1300 hours: Lunch
1500 hours: Theory class
1700 hours: Medical check-up
1900 hours: Dinner
2000 hours: Go to sleep

Icecraft training at Merathang glacier

The five days of Icecraft training had a slightly different time-table. We would trek in the morning to the glacier and reach at about 1100 hours. We would have icecraft training till 1230 hours after which we would head back to the campsite. So we used to have a late lunch at around 1500 hours. We had no theory classes on any of these days. In my opinion, these five days were the hardest. This was when we fully realised the importance of mental strength in mountaineering.

Survival test at Camp 3 (Jithang)

They say that the strongest bonds are made when you’re on the mountains. Mainly because of all the hardships you go through together. I can say from experience that I will share this special bond with my course-mates and instructors for a long time to come. The Basic Mountaineering course is the first door one opens in the world of mountaineering. The journey beyond that is a long one and you are your own guide. I wish you the best of luck for this journey.

If you have any other questions about the basic mountaineering course, leave a comment below.

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67 thoughts on “How To Go About A Mountaineering Course In India

  1. Thank you for such a beautiful article, it will help for sure.
    Every aspect of the BMC is described here.

    Thank you for the useful information.


  2. Thank you for this informative article. As Bangladeshi I want to attend a BMC in Indian Mountaineering institutes, but i found very little information.

    Thank you

    1. Hi Syed,

      I would actually ask you to directly email or call the Institute post this covid situation and I am asking to do so because each state have some or the other rule for students coming from Foreign land and I am assuming there will be some check points for students from Bangladesh as well.

      There are 5 institutes. Kindly email them directly

  3. Hey there. I need some help with BMC of NIMAS. Do they allow foreigners? What should I take and what should I not take with me for a BMC? Should I take my camping gears and winter layers with me?

    1. Hi Akram, foreigners are allowed and welcome to do a course in most mountaineering courses in India. You will need your winter layers, but not your camping gear. They will provide you with that.

    1. Hi Prakash, I think you will have to find out from the particular mountaineering institute where you would like to apply.

        1. Hi Anil,

          There are 5 institutes in our country. You can check the course details on their website post this covid situation. I will provide names for these institutes, you can google it for more details.

          1. Nehru Institute of Mountaineering, Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand
          2. Himalayan Mountaineering Institute, Darjeeling, West Bengal
          3. Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Mountaineering and Allied Sports, Manali, Himachal Pradesh
          4. Jawahar Institute of Mountaineering & Winter Sports, Pahalgam, Jammu and Kashmir
          5. National Institute of Mountaineering and Allied Sports, Dirang, Arunachal Pradesh

          Hope this helps.

        1. Hi Namrata,

          Anytime is a good season to do the course and it depends what craft you are looking for that particular season.
          For good Snow craft, I would recommend March or oct-Nov batch. This season are relatively challenging, so you can plan accordingly.

  4. i live in mumbai so is it necessary to like go the institute where i’d like to apply and inquire all bout it beacuse im just 16 and im not really sure if they’ll allow or do they need some particular qualifications please do answer asap

    1. It is not necessary to go to the institute to apply. You can apply online and check for eligibility criteria. In NIM, batches for age group 14 – 18 are being held. So you can apply easily. Better call them for more information.

    1. Hii
      Do you have any idea about those private institute who provide basic mountaineering course please suggest me if any you know because all those which have suggested in this article is already booked till 2022 I think it foolish to wait till then
      Help me
      Waiting for your response?

      1. Hi Aman,

        Yes most of the institutes have a long waiting list. Teher are other institutes as well but they are way to expensive but of course worth it.

        NOLS has a mountaineering course which they conduct in India during Fall season, you can check that.

        I would recommend you to do some moderate difficult treks first then go for easy mountain expeditions and then keep upgrading the level of your climb. That could be another approach to it.

        And while you do your climbs you will understand when you need to plan for your course.
        You can start treks then climb peaks like Friendship peak in Manali and other submits like it and then plan for your course.

        Hope this helps.

        1. Very well explained, if somone is planning or thinking to do a course, it’s very good information before hand to get prepared for what lies ahead!

    2. Hi Jai,

      Duration is 28 days. And about making career in outdoors, there are many opportunities like you can be an outdoor leader, educator, Administrator, instructor. It totally depends on your skill level that what you train yourself to be.

      So focus on that during your courses. Hope this helps.

  5. Very informative and amazingly well written for anyone to understand. Thank you for the effort taken and the knowledge sharing. Can you share the training programs you refer to ta king up 6m/ 3m/1m prior to joining any basic course . That will be really helpful. Thank you

  6. Hi. This is very well written and incisive. I am however, unable to figure out the duration of a basic mountaineering course. I’m wondering how many days I need to take off from work. I am really keen on doing this.

  7. sr i am a physiotherapy doctor and i wana to do trecking camp in mountains for visitors like an agency of tours and travels .what are the basic requirement for that .is it mandatoray to persue this course

  8. Is there any way , a person can opt for a course along with normal job life ?,Or all of these are full time only ? If I want to learn the skill set but cannot get time for a regular course, what should I do ?

    1. Hi, mountaineering courses are usually full-time because you are stationed in the mountains for over a month to learn and develop the required skill-sets. If you wish to stay close to the city, begin by going for hikes near your area during weekends. This gives you an idea about your fitness levels and how much you need to work on it. Post that you can opt for Himalayan treks during your vacations.

  9. I like your article. Actually I am a CA student and I am going to write my finals next may. So if I want to take the course am I suposed to register now itself. I really do want to do.

    1. You can check the schedule with these institutes may be book your seat now and do it as and when this covid situation settles down

  10. Thank you for the article. It was very helpful since you dont find as detailed information on BMC course as this is, specially about pre-course preparation and training.

  11. The article is very informative n inspiring. The fees r revised for BMC courses which varies from Rs 14000 to 19000.
    The is one more institute which covers for trekkers in age group of 35 or 45 + it’s Nandadevi institute though its recognised by NIM, but to gain knowledge is good option here too according to me.

  12. Prior to any of my personal queries first of all i’ll like to mention that each & every word of this article is like encyclopedia for mountaineering aspirants, there by huge round of applause for the efforts made by team #indiahikes & #nikshep. What i want to inquire is related to glasses i.e. -3 distant vision number glasses i wear on regular basis, so what’s your suggestion is it fine wearing through course also or i should opt for LASIK surgery. Do reply ASAP. Keep up with your efforts like this only and be the path finder for us.

    1. hi Vikram,

      According to my experience, I don’t think a surgery is required. You can very well do the course. Also, what I would recommend is to get sunglasses made for your expedition, you can carry 2 with you, since you have number.

      Otherwise you can peacefully do the course. And yea do consult an eye doctor also. That would be helpful also

  13. Thanks for the informative article. I am looking for any residential program for physical fitness and weight loss. Some of the program I found online are very expensive ( ~50 thousand per week)!! Are you aware of any residential program for 1-2 weeks?

    1. Hi Rajesh,

      I think you can start with the most basic sport, running and some strengthening exercises at home.

      You can work very well if you follow this workout. Aim to reach 5k mark of running and for strength training there are many YouTube channels these days or you can check Cult also.

  14. This article is really very useful. I’ve one question. What should be the ideal fitness level to do the basic course? What regime do you suggest for a layman in fitness who want to do this course and probably interested in making this as a career…


    1. Hi Manasa, quoting my colleague Ravi Ranjan here. This is what he says, “Currently all the institutes are extremely rigorous in their basic courses. And running is a mandatory activity. There is also a test of 7-10 km at the end of the course. In HMI you have to carry 20 kg backpack to the base camp walking 22 Km a day on an average. One needs to have above average (5k run below 25 mins at least and leg strengthening exercises) preparation if planning for a basic course.”

      1. Swathi/Nikshep – what are.some of the treks that can be done for such prep ?
        I did Gaumukh Tapovan in June and doing sandakphu this Dec. Doing NIMAS in August ’20, and want to do a difficult trek before that.

        My embarassing weakest point – hunger. Pain & fatigue is easy. Can one condition for this aspect, too ?

        1. Its a good sign that you get hungry.

          You can carry some afternoon snack with you which is healthy and high in calories like dry fruits. And you can munch till you reach the base for lunch or dinner.

          If you experience pain and fatigue, I think you need to work on your endurance. Then you are good to go for it.

          Hope this helps

  15. Is it possible to do the course for, one who don’t know Hindi? as I’m from south I can’t handle hindi.

  16. plz tell me I dont know the ABCD of mountaineering so I should start from basic mountaineering course or else there is also a course for the beginners like me
    I want to climb the mount everest so I need to prepare for it

  17. Thanks for the article. Very nicely explained.
    I’m interested in making a career in Mountaineering and want to get started with this course at the earliest. However, the earliest available seat at institutes like NIM and HMI is in 2022. Is it worth the wait or should I apply at other institutes? Is there any way to get a seat sooner? Looking for suggestions here.

    1. Hi Ayush,

      You can check other institutes as well. Also, if you want to make your career in outdoors, you must focus on safety courses as well. Thats very important.

      For that you can check NOLS or Henifl institute for their WFR course. They also conduct Trip Leader courses which are very useful.

      You can find these 2 institutes on google.

      Let us know if you need more information