Difficult | Level 1
TREK STARTS FROM
Kafnu, Himachal Pradesh
The Grandest Crossover Trek in Our Country
Pin Bhaba Pass is hands down the most dramatic pass crossing trek in our country. That is a bold statement to make. Especially when we have so many pass crossing treks in our country.
But what you see when you stand at the pass is a testament to this bold statement we make.
Once at the pass you see Pin valley below you, in various shades of pink, set amidst the stark and deserted mountains of Spiti. While behind you is the lush green Bhaba valley. That is when you realize how remarkable the changes in the landscape are.
But it is not just on the pass crossing day that you witness this drama. It starts right from day one!
Take for instance the forests of Mulling on day one. Here is the thing about the forests of Mulling. Unlike other treks, the forests here are enchanting! They’re right out of a storybook.
A turquoise blue river gushes through the forest on one side, and little brooks skip and jump through the trees on the others.
Later, towards noon, you burst out of this enchanting forest into a surprise you’re least expecting — the grasslands of Mulling — a sight that makes you catch your breath.
This is the first day of the trek. For a page-turner, it can’t get more dramatic than this.
And the drama continues day after day as you hike to the Kashmir-like meadows of Karah. If ever there is a debate about one of the prettiest settings for a camp on our treks, then the grasslands of Karah would be right on top.
And the day after when you camp in the river delta of Phutsirang, it is a once in a lifetime experience. River deltas on a trek are extremely rare and here you are camping right on one.
Such stunning vistas and each day an experience different from the previous day. You can’t help but drop your jaws at the surprise that the trail throws every day. Every day the scenery changes completely, so much so that it is like doing a new trek every day!
When compared with its riskier cousin, the Pin Parvati Pass Trek, where your life is at stake, the Pin Bhaba not only is a great alternative, but a more beautiful one.
Pin Bhaba Pass Videos
Watch these videos to plan and prepare for your trek.
Study this chart to know how much altitude you would gain/lose every day on the Pin Bhaba Pass trek.
Drive from Shimla to Kafnu
Drive Distance: 203 km | Drive Duration: 6-7 hours | Pick up point for Indiahikes trekkers: Old Bus Stand, Shimla
Transport will be arranged at 6.30 AM. This cost has to be borne by trekkers and paid directly to the driver. Cost of the cab – Rs. 9,500 Trex per vehicle, shared among 5-6 trekkers & Rs 14,000 Tempo Traveler, shared among 10-12 trekkers.
Trek from Kafnu to Mulling
Trek Distance: 11 km | Trek Duration: 8 hours | Altitude Gain: 8,275 ft to 10,820 ft
Moderate. Easy walk on motor road for 2.65 km followed by 4.5 km ascent. Level walk for about 1 km then ascend all the way to Mulling.
Trek from Mulling to Karah
Trek Distance: 6 km | Trek Duration: 5 hours | Altitude Gain: 10,820 ft to 11,590 ft
Moderate. Gradual ascent for 3.3 km followed by 1.5 km of steep ascent, easing off at the last 1.2 km.
Trek from Karah to Phutsirang
Trek Distance: 5 km | Trek Duration: 4 hours | Altitude Gain: 11,590 ft to 13,485 ft
Moderate. Steep ascent throughout.
Acclimatization and rest day at Phutsirang
Trek from Phutsirang to Mangrungse via Pin Bhaba Pass
Trek Distance: 11 km | Trek Duration: 10 hours | Altitude Gain and Loss: 13,485 ft to 13,635 ft via 16,105 ft
Difficult. Steep ascent for close to 3 km to reach the pass followed by a river crossing and gradual descent through moraine and scree all the way to the campsite.
Trek from Mangrungse to Mudh
Trek Distance: 17 km | Trek Duration: 7 hours | Altitude Loss: 13,635 ft to 12,420 ft
Moderate-difficult. Initial easy 4 km trail followed by gradual descent and flat walk through moraine.
Drive back from Mudh to Manali
Drive Distance: 232 km | Drive Duration: 7-8 hours | Drop off point Indiahikes trekkers: Main Bus Stand, Rambagh Circle, Manali
The transport costs Rs 15,000 for a 6-seater and Rs.20,000 for a Tempo Traveller (12-seater). Expect to reach Manali by 7.00 PM..
It is mandatory to have this extra day as any bad weather or rain will delay your pass crossing. If buffer day is utilized, you will need to pay Rs.2,500 + 5% GST. This amount is to be handed over to your Trek Leader.
Please note: The distance between campsites may vary by 100 meters depending the weather conditions and the route you take. The altitude may also vary by 100 feet for similar reasons.
- It is mandatory for trekkers to carry a copy of their photo ID for entry at forest check posts on the trek.
- At the base camp, your stay will be arranged in lodges.
- On the trek, you will be staying 3 in a tent.
- We do not have a cloakroom facility at the base camp. Do not carry excess luggage other than what is required for the trek.
Please note: Twin sharing tents may not be available in May, June, July and August. This is because raw materials for making tents are sourced from different countries. But their export has been affected due to international unrest. This has led to a global shortage of tents. Having said that, you'll still have comfortable space as these tents have been designed to accommodate three trekkers.
Study this chart to know how much altitude you would gain/lose every day on the Pin Bhaba Pass trek.
There are two ways to reach your pick-up point -- reach Shimla by taking a bus from ISBT, New Delhi. Or take a train to Chandigarh or Kalka and then take a bus to Shimla from either of these places. If you cannot reach the pick-up point before 6.30 AM on Day 1 of the trek, plan your travel in such a way that you reach Shimla the previous day (Day 0) and stay for the night.
While returning, you will reach Manali by 7.00 PM. Plan your travel the next day from Manali after a good night's rest.
Know Your Trek
We have always wanted trekkers to be well-informed before they go on a Himalayan trek. Knowledge is the difference between a safe trek and a dangerous one. It’s also the difference between a wholesome experience and a superficial experience.
Use this section to learn about the Pin Bhaba Pass trek. It has in-depth information about each day of the trek, what to expect, and how you need to prepare for it. Many years of expertise have gone into this content. Trekkers find that extremely useful.
Day 1 (Pick-up Day): Drive from Shimla to Kafnu
Drive Duration: 6-7 hours | Drive Distance: 203 km
Altitude: 8,275 ft
Highlights: Drive through the valleys along the Sutlej river to one of the remotest villages of Himachal Pradesh
Getting to Kafnu is not as difficult even though it is a remote village in the deep reaches of southern Himachal.
What makes it accessible is the hydroelectric power project that is on the Bhaba river. The river runs past Kafnu village up to Wangtoo. The hydel project is like the river, right at Kafnu. Hundreds of workers and local villagers work on the project. Kafnu is well connected by bus, especially from Karcham, Kalpa and Reckong Peo. There are buses from Rampur as well.
The road to Kafnu climbs fast over the hydel power project at Wangtoo which can be nerve-wracking when the bus swings left to right on the narrow dirt road hanging over precipitous cliffs.
You will stay at Kafnu for the night, at one of the local lodges. It’s important to use the day to rest in preparation for the trek to Mulling tomorrow.
Day 2: Trek from Kafnu to Mulling
Trek Duration: 8 hours | Trek Distance: 11km
Altitude Gain: ⇗ 8,275 ft to 10,820 ft)
Difficulty: Moderate. Easy walk on the motor road for 2.65 km followed by a 4.5 km ascent. Level walk for about 1 km then ascends to Mulling.
Highlights: The variety of forests you trek through the day.
Day 1 of the Pin Bhaba Pass trek will always rate as one of the most beautiful days of trekking. So exquisite is the trail through a largely coniferous forest – it is rare to come across such a trek.
The trek starts from Kafnu. Brace yourself for a challenging day. It’s important to get a head start considering the trekking distance and the altitude gain are quite a challenge. From the village, walk for about 200 meters and you will spot India’s first underground dam, the ‘Bhaba Hydro Project‘.
Note: Photography is prohibited. Continue to walk on the motorable route for 2.65 km.
About 2 km into this trail, you will reach a bridge. Cross the bridge to reach the left bank of the Bhaba river. Shortly after crossing the bridge, you will notice a narrow route going up from the motorable route – take this trail.
Continue to walk along this route for 4.4 km. At this juncture, you will be surrounded by the dense vegetation of a jungle. The landscape is blessed with the graceful presence of silver birch, pine and oak trees. The sweet sound of birds chirping adds more charm to this spot. The confluence of such beautiful trees, all within a single frame will make this one of the most memorable highlights of this trek. A flat 1 km walk from this section will lead you to a beautiful clearing. This terrain is riddled with mud, grass and small stones.
About 6.8 km into the trek, you will reach a beautiful campsite surrounded by trees. This place is called ‘Champoria‘. From this spot, you will need to cross the Bhaba river. Cross the river via the log bridge to reach the right bank of the Bhaba river.
After crossing over, continue walking along the river bank and you will spot a tributary of the Bhaba river. From this point onwards, you will need to pace yourself slowly for the ascent. 10 km into the trek, you will reach a place called Jhandi Top. This is a good spot to catch your breath. From the Jhandi top, the Mulling hut and campsite are visible. From here, it’s a short 1.3 km hike to reach the campsite. If you’re trekking independently, you can choose to stay at the abandoned hut, which has two rooms. Alternatively, you can pitch a tent here.
Day 3: Trek from Mulling to Karah
Trek Duration: 5 hours | Trek Distance: 6km
Altitude Gain: ⇗ 10,820 ft to 11,590 ft
Difficulty: Moderate. Gradual ascent for 3.3 km followed by 1.5 km of steep ascent, easing off for the last 1.2 km.
Highlights: The meadow with flower beds. Karah river and Karah campsite.
Today’s trek starts with a gradual ascent through rocky terrain. About 1.6 km into the trek, you will arrive at a beautiful meadow and a waterfall towards your right. From this section, it’s a gradual ascent of another 1.7 km to reach an interesting geographical phenomenon. You can hear the sound of a river but you won’t be able to see it. This feature is called a subterranean river, where the water flows beneath the surface of the ground. From this section, it’s a 1.5 km steep ascent to the top to reach an exquisite meadow with flower beds.
After passing the meadow, continue to walk for another 1.2 km to reach the campsite near a water stream. You will find a lake within 200 meters of the campsite. The lake boasts stunning reflections when it’s sunny. You can set up your campsite at Karah. You will have the entire afternoon to rest and recuperate for challenges that lie ahead.
Day 4: Trek from Karah to Phutsirang
Trek Duration: 4 hours | Trek Distance: 5 km
Altitude Gain: ⇗ 11,590 ft to 13,485 ft
Difficulty: Moderate. Steep ascent throughout.
Highlights: The vantage point from Phutsirang where you see three beautiful mountain passes.
Today is the shortest day of the entire trek since you have to cover only 5 km. Brace yourself for a steep ascent. The first order of the day is to cross the tributary of the Bhaba river. The mountain stream approaches from the left side of Phutsirang. Cross the stream and continue to climb the steep slope.
Tread with care since the terrain is a combination of stone and lose mud. The entire route today is dominated by mountain stream crossings and humps, which can be a bit taxing. You must pace yourself accordingly.
About 4.20 km into the trek, you will arrive at a campsite which has been set up for lower Phutsirang. From this spot, continue the upward climb for another 700 meters and you will reach Phutsirang.
Phustsirang will serve as the perfect vantage point to get a glimpse of three beautiful mountain passes: Nimish Khango (16,185 feet), Tari Khango (17,318 feet) and Pin Bhaba Pass a.k.a Wang Khango (16,105 feet).
Day 5: Acclimatisation and Rest Day at Phutsirang
Today is your rest day to acclimatise. Walk across Phutsirang to Tia Valley and explore the greener sides around Phutsirang.
Day 6: Trek from Phutsirang to Mangrungse via Pin Bhaba Pass
Trek Duration: 10 hours | Trek Distance: 11km
Altitude Gain and Loss: 13,485 ft to 13,635 ft via 16,105 ft
Difficulty: Difficult. Steep ascent for close to 3 km to reach the pass. Initial 2 km of steep descent from the pass followed by a river crossing and gradual descent through moraine and scree all the way to the campsite.
Highlights: The thrilling pass crossing at more than 16,000 ft.
Brace yourself for an exciting day. Today, you will be conquering steep slopes and navigating through the high mountain passes connecting Bhaba and Pin valleys. Trekkers who have ascended a mountain pass will tell you that it’s an experience that is as thrilling as scaling a summit. The sense of adventure and accomplishment you derive is far greater than a summit ascent because you go in with lower expectations.
From the saddle point of the pass (the highest point between the mountain valley), you will notice the sudden shift in the landscape. The geographical contradictions are well pronounced in this spot. You will be leaving behind the lush grasslands of Bhaba Valley and moving to the brown, desert mountain valleys of Pin. The Pin river can also be seen from this point. The descent is steep and it is tricky since it’s a combination of moraine, glacier and scree. Negotiate this terrain slowly.
About 2 km into the descent, you will spot the Pin river. Remove your footwear to cross the river to get onto the right side of the river. From here on, it’s a gradual descent yet riddled with moraine and scree. Pace yourself slowly and rest if you must. About 5 km from the river crossing, you will be able to see the Mangrungse campsite below the trail. From Mangrungse, the Tiya campsite is located across the river bank. Tiya is one of the campsites for the Pin Parvati Pass Trek.
Day 7: Trek from Mangrungse to Mudh
Trek Duration: 7 hours | Trek DIstance: 17km
Altitude Loss: ⇘ 13,635 ft to 12,429 ft
Difficulty: Moderate – Difficult. Initial easy 4 km trail followed by a gradual descent and flat walk through moraine.
Highlights: Witness the changing colours of the landscape from lush green to brownish pink
Today is the last day of the trek. Brace yourself for the long 16.29 km stretch to Mudh. Start as early as possible from your campsite. Climb the slope from Mangrungse to reach the trail and continue walking along with the same. The distance between Mangrungse and Bara Boulder is 4 km and from the Bara Boulder campsite, it’s a gradual descent through a section filled with moraine. This campsite is a good spot but the water isn’t clean. It’s recommended that your water bottles are stocked up at Mangrungse. The tributary of the Pin river is just 300 meters from Bara Boulder. Cross this stream using the log bridge. The trail from Bara boulder is completely flat and is dominated by red soil and small red stones.
A flat walk for 1.5 km from Bara Boulder will take you to the banks of a mountain stream. Cross the stream using the log bridge to reach a dry, flat stretch of land. The Mudh village will be visible even from a distance of 5 km. It’s a picture worthy of a postcard and the beauty of this place is otherworldly.
The sight of the village will motivate you to push yourself for this final stretch. The Pin river is the last river that you’ll need to cross to access the village. This is yet another exciting experience in this trek. The view of the suspension bridge dangling over the Pin river is a sight to behold.
Cross the river via the suspension bridge. After crossing the river, it’s a short climb to reach the village.
Day 8: Drive from Mudh back to Manali
Duration: 7-8 hours | Drive Distance: 232 km
We have put together a list of places you must visit if you are going to Spiti. Don’t miss any of the places on this list – Side Excursions from Spiti After Your Trek To Pin Bhaba.
Difficult | Level 1
Suitable for Experienced Trekkers
At Indiahikes, while rating a trek difficulty we consider several factors. These include altitude gained every day, length of a trek every day, highest altitude, nature of the terrain, weather etc. Based on this we rate a trek as easy or difficult or somewhere in between.
One thing to understand, the Pin Bhaba Pass trek is a difficult trek level 1. You must clear the fitness criteria that we have set to be able to do this trek. Additionally, having a Himalayan trek experience under your belt helps a great deal.
But before we get into preparing for a trek, let me tell you why Pin Bhaba Pass is a moderate-difficult trek.
When it comes to Pin Bhaba Pass, the first thing that makes it difficult is the altitude. With its summit at 16,105 ft, it is one of the highest pass crossing treks that we, at Indiahikes, do.
Moreover, the pass crossing day itself is one of the hardest days of the trek. On that day, the 10 km long stretch to the next camp is just one factor making it difficult.
When you begin from Phutsirang, you ascend roughly 2,500 ft of steep terrain over a 3 km distance to reach the summit. This is then followed by a steep descent over 2 km, then a river crossing and then a gradual descent through scree and moraine to the campsite.
And it doesn’t end there. Usually, after a pass crossing the hike to the end is relatively easy. But not on the Pin Bhaba Pass trek.
Brace yourself for a 17 km long hike through moraine and boulders. The terrain coupled with the long distance on the final day of the trek is dismaying.
All these things make the Pin Bhaba Pass trek a difficult one. It is not a trek that can be done by first-timers.
You will need at least 4-6 weeks of solid preparation for this trek. You can begin the preparation by going for brisk walks and then doing brisk jogs to improve your cardio.
Pin Bhaba Pass is a safe trek to do. But not without an experienced and technically competent team.
It is not a trek to do alone for first-timers or if you have limited experience in the Himalayan trekking. The terrain, the weather and the altitude do pose challenges to your health and safety.
The terrain of Pin Bhaba Pass poses a challenge in terms of safety. Here are some of the sections on the trail where you need to take precautions:
Travelling traverses over a river near Mulling
A tributary of the Bhaba river flows between Kafnu and Mulling. The stream has a strong current and a wooden log is placed across it. However, the log sometimes gets washed off by exceptionally strong flow. In such cases, the Indiahikes technical team will set up a travelling traverse across the river.
Safety Advice: Do not try to cross the stream on your own. The flow can be deceptively strong. Avoid any form of distractions, especially talking to other trekkers. Do not try to record the traverse using mobile phones or cameras in this section.
At Indiahikes, we set up a pulley system to ensure the safety of the trek. Trekkers are provided a harness hooked to a pulley system and clear instructions are provided on how to traverse this section.
Snow section near the Pass
The Pin Bhaba Pass, at over 16,000 ft, often witnesses heavy snowfall. This, coupled with an approach through steep, unstable terrain makes the pass crossing the most difficult section on the trek. The pass itself is very narrow, barely wide enough to accommodate a few trekkers at a time. The descent to Pin valley, while rewarding, is steep and especially taxing after a long climb to the pass.
Safety Advice: On hard snow, you are extremely prone to slips and falls. Ensure your microspikes are worn before you step on snow. Look out for deep footholds made by earlier trekkers. Do not try to make new paths of your own. Always put your foot on footholds.
At Indiahikes, our technical team and Trek Leaders dig these footholds before trekkers venture onward.
This section does not require ropes. However, if the snow is feeble, the technical team will use ropes to take the team forward. The technical team will also be assisted by the Indiahikes Trek Leader.
Starting at 7,800 ft, the Pin Bhaba Pass trek takes you to 16,105 ft at its highest point. And for almost the entire trek you are at heights above 11,000 ft. This makes you highly susceptible to AMS.
Keeping that in mind we, at Indiahikes, have planned the route in a way that helps mitigate the risk of AMS.
- The trek from Mulling to Karah is rather short -- 5 hours/6 km -- and there is hardly any altitude difference between the campsites.
- The hike from Karah to Phutsirang is even shorter -- 4 hours/4 km.
- And then there is an acclimatization day at Phutsirang.
Overall, while choosing our campsite, we have kept the distance between campsites short and the altitude gain within a normal range. This gives you plenty of time to rest and acclimatize. Moreover, there is an additional acclimatization day at Phutsirang.
With a steady pace, the chances of getting AMS decrease.
However, there are still chances of getting hit by AMS.
Over the last 5 years that we’ve been running this trek, we’ve noticed that trekkers usually start displaying symptoms of AMS at Mulling or Karah. Some might even start showing symptoms at Phutsirang.
Trekkers usually complain of a headache or tiredness mixed with perhaps lack of appetite or sleep.
If you are trekking with Indiahikes, at any point in the trek, especially around Mulling or Karah, inform your trek leader about your condition immediately if you feel any symptoms of AMS. All Indiahikes Trek Leaders are trained to take care of your health and safety during medical emergencies of any sort.
In the case of AMS, early detection and treatment can ensure your successful trek completion.
The earlier you treat these symptoms, the higher the chances of recovering and completing the trek.
If the symptoms don’t alleviate after treatment and the rest day at Phutsirang, it is best to head back to Kafnu immediately. Do not continue the trek if any of the symptoms persist.
You might also notice its symptoms while descending from the pass on the other side of your body that hasn’t adjusted to the altitude. In such a case, descend to Mudh immediately.
Here’s a Complete Guide to Acute Mountain Sickness, HAPE and HACE:
On a high altitude trek like Pin Bhaba Pass, the weather does play a role in whether you continue a trek or not.
On the lower part of the trail, the weather is more or less stable and does not impact you're moving ahead. But at higher altitudes, the weather is a tad unpredictable.
At altitudes above 15,000 ft, snowfall can happen anytime. A spell of rain on the lower slopes almost usually leads to light or heavy snow in the upper regions.
It can rain or snow abruptly at any time at such high altitudes.
A rainfall or snowfall that lasts more than four hours can change your trek plans.
Rain can flood the trails or make them too slushy to walk safely on. Some normal sections can become very slippery.
On the Pin Bhaba Pass trek, snowfall is a distinct possibility near the pass.
Snowfall can obstruct previously made paths. This means fresh tracks have to be cut on the snow.
It is keeping in mind that we have a buffer day scheduled as a part of the trek itinerary. The buffer day allows the team the flexibility to wait and let the bad weather pass by before making another attempt to move ahead on the trek.
The Indiahikes technical team along with the Trek Leader takes a call on when to proceed with the trek and when to take the buffer day. A team may have to turn around from the highest camp if the weather turns worse.
Emergency Exits: Being a crossover trek, the Pin Bhaba trek has limited exit points from the trail. In case of any emergency, if you haven’t crossed the pass, then head back to Kafnu before getting back to Shimla.
On the other hand, if you have crossed the pass, getting down to Mudh and heading to Manali is your only option.
Closest Hospitals: For mild medical issues, the closest hospitals are located in Rampur Bushahr and Kumarsain. This includes sprains and fractures.
Here is a list of hospitals where medical assistance can be sought.
1. Rampur Bushahr
Rajpur, Rampur Bushahr, Himachal Pradesh - 172001
Dr B K Arora Hospital
Chuha Bag, Shimla NH-22, Jori Road, Rampur,
Rampur Bushahr, Himachal Pradesh - 172022
Ph: +91 9816233900
National Highway 22, Kumarsain, Himachal Pradesh - 172029
Ph: +91 1782240063
If you’ve crossed the pass, then head to:
Ph: +91 1900222218
For any advanced injuries or illness, head to Shimla which is 200 km from Kafnu. While Mudh, on the other side of the pass, is closer to Manali which is 250 km away.
The best time to do the trek is from the month's mid-July to early-September.
Contrary to regular high-altitude treks that open in Summer and then in Autumn, this trek opens at the end of summer and ends mid-autumn. Monsoon months are the best time to do the trek.
Most of the trek lies in the rain shadow area of the Himalayas, like the Pin valley of the Spiti region. This after passing the cross.
And though one cannot call the region before the pass as lying in the rain shadow area, it is drier than the Rohru side of Himachal Pradesh which is closer to Rupin Pass.
We’ve noticed that during June there is a high amount of snow near the pass making it a risky affair.
Having said that it's not impossible to do the trek in June. But July onward the trail gets slightly more comfortable.
Pin Bhaba Pass in July and August
Day time temperature: Between 16 °C and 18 °C | Night time temperatures: Will drop to temperatures between 0 °C and -2 °C.
Presence of snow: You will find snow during early June to mid-July. The snow starts to melt in the later part of July, giving way to rain showers.
No. of warm layers required: 4 warm layers
When the season begins in June, the entire trail is green. With all the snow has melted, the valley turns a shade or two greener in July and August.
You’ll be left astounded by the lush green meadows with wildflowers blooming in abandon. Especially at Khara which our trekkers rave about after coming back. They know why we speak so highly of the campsites on the Pin Bhaba trek.
You’ll notice the meadows thinning just before Phutsirang though.
Phutsirang is not an alpine zone but you are at the transition point. It has its charm. Notice the colours and texture of the land and vegetation changing. You don't get grass but they look like colourful moss on soil or rocks.
Post-Phutsirang the steep climb does take you to the alpine zone and the vegetation is sparse.
Here is where you start noticing the stark contrast between what you left behind and what lies ahead.
Nowhere is the drama of this contrast more apparent than when you’re standing at the pass.
The Spiti region looks desolate as compared to the Kinnaur region from where you started.
Behind you lie the greens of the Kinnaur region, while down below in front of you are the pinks of Spiti.
Pin Bhaba Pass in September
Day time temperature: Between 14 °C and 16 °C | Night time temperature: Will drop to temperatures between -3 °C and -5 °C.
Presence of snow: You will not find snow in the autumn months on Pin Bhaba Pass.
No. of warm layers required: 5 warm layers
By September most of the intermittent showers that hit the Kinnaur side of the pass have passed. The skies, therefore, are much clearer.
The trail starts changing colour. The lower campsites are still primarily green. And it’s only mid-September and onward that they participate in this riot of colours that the season brings.
But Phutsirang campsite is especially magnificent in its shades of oranges, yellows and reds.
While on the other side of the pass, the landscape looks more or less the same.
The month of September, somewhere around the middle of the month is a fantastic time to do the trek. You can take in all the clear skies, the colours and the drama of the trek before the pass shuts down.
Towards the end of September, the pass receives the first snowfall of the season blocking access to the Spiti region.
At Indiahikes, we wind up the trekking season from the third week of September until the next season.
How to get to Kafnu
The base camp of the Pin Bhaba trek is Kafnu, 205 km from Shimla. Kafnu is a quaint village in the Bhaba valley of Kinnaur. Due to its elevation and accessibility to the Sutlej river, it is home to a wide variety of flora. You will be passing through Rampur and the journey boasts grand views of the Kinnaur mountain range.
Indiahikes arranges transport from Shimla to Kafnu. The pick up is from Shimla Old Bus Stand at 6.30 am on Day 1. The cab fare is Rs.8,500 per vehicle. This cost is not included in the trek fee. It is to be shared amongst trekkers and paid directly to the driver. It will take around 6 hours to reach Kafnu.
Shimla can be accessed directly by bus from Delhi. This journey takes 10-12 hours. Regular buses are available from New Delhi ISBT. We recommend that you reach Shimla the previous day to make it in time for the Indiahikes transport to Kafnu.
You can also take a train to Chandigarh or Kalka. Buses and cabs are available from both these places to Shimla. Kalka mail is an overnight train than reaches Kalka by 4.30 am - this departs from Old Delhi Railway station at 21.25. Kalka Shatabdi leaves from New Delhi Railway station at 7.40 am and reached Kalka by 11.45 am.
The trek ends at Mudh. Indiahikes arranges transport from Mudh to Manali. The cab fare will be Rs 15,000 for a 6-seater and Rs.20,000 for a Tempo Traveller (12-seater). This cost is not included in the trek fee. It is to be shared amongst trekkers and paid directly to the driver. You will reach Manali by 7.00 pm.
You will need to stay in Manali for a night since buses to Delhi depart between 4.00 pm to 6.00 pm. Take a bus to Delhi the following day.
Reaching Kafnu on your own
If you plan to get to Kafnu on your own, take a bus from Shimla that's headed to Karcham/Recong Peo from the new bus stand. Take an early morning bus, preferably before 6.30 am. The bus takes about 6 hours or so to get to the Kafnu diversion on the way to Wangtoo. Wait at the iron bridge for a bus that's headed to Kafnu. It may take a while. The wait can easily be an hour or two.
Travelling to Kaza on your own
From Mudh, vehicles can be hired for the journey to Kaza for Rs.2,100 for a jeep/Sumo Alternatively, a bus is available at 6.30 am.
These are documents required for legal purposes by Indiahikes and the forest department. Without any of these, you will not be allowed to trek.
- Original and photocopy of government photo identity card. Anything such as a driver’s license, Aadhar Card, or passport will do. This is required by the forest department for your identification.
- Medical and Disclaimer certificate. There are two sections to this. One is to be filled by a practicing doctor and the second is filled by you. The disclaimer certificate is a legal requirement.
Download the PDF, read carefully, print it back to back, and sign it. This must be handed over to your Trek Leader during the registration at the base camp. This is a requirement by both the forest department and Indiahikes – Download the PDF
Note: Please carry the above document with you. The document needs to be downloaded (PDF), filled in, signed, and handed over to the trek leader at the base camp. Please print these back-to-back on two sheets. Do not print separately and help in reducing paper usage.
Keep important documents in a clear plastic cover and slide them into the inner pocket at the back of your backpack. This keeps them from getting wet. Please note there is no facility to get printouts and photocopies at Kafnu.
1. Trekking Shoes
Pin Bhaba Pass requires sturdy trekking shoes, has good grip, has ankle support and can handle snow. Here is a quick video on how to choose your trekking shoes.
| Buying Tip: The Trek series and MH series are good options by Decathlon. They are tried and tested. There isn’t any necessity to buy the higher-priced models. Here is a list of other budget shoes that trekkers are using.
| Rental: We have the Trek series and the MH series by Decathlon available for rent from the Indiahikes store. They are already broken into and in good condition. Rental shoes are not dirty or unhygienic. This is how they are kept clean. Rent here.
For a trek like Pin Bhaba Pass, you need a 50-60 litre backpack. Make sure your backpack has good hip support, shoulder support and quick access pockets. Here is a guide on how to choose a backpack.
| Buying Tip: Wildcraft, Decathlon and Adventure Worx usually make good backpacks. While Wildcraft has more expensive ones, the other two brands have budget-friendly backpacks to choose from.
| Rental: The 48-litre backpack by Adventure Worx is available for rent from the Indiahikes store. They are custom-made for our Himalayan treks. Rent them if you don’t have a backpack. Rent here.
Wearing layers is the mantra in the mountains. Layers give you maximum protection from all elements. And when the weather changes in the mountains (as it happens every few hours), you take off or put on layers as required.
Base Layer: 3 T-Shirts
Wear one T-shirt and carry two. Carry full sleeve dry-fit T-shirts (preferably collared). These prevent your arms and neck from getting sunburnt. In the rarified air on the trek, especially at high altitudes, UV rays can burn you in no time.
Dry-fit T-shirts quickly dry your sweat, they are easy to wash and in case of a rainy day, they dry quicker. Round neck T-shirts are ok, but collared ones are better.
| Cotton or Synthetic? As Indians, we love cotton. Down in the plains when the heat is blistering 40°C it makes sense to wear cotton. But it takes a long time to dry when it gets wet. In the mountains, where it is cooler, synthetic is what you wear. They wick sweat rapidly and keep you dry. (But they do tend to smell quickly, so carry a roll-on deodorant with you.)
| Buying tip: You can get dry-fit T-shirts from Decathlon. Also, stores like Reliance Trends and Max have dry-fit T-shirts. They don’t usually cost much.
| Pro Tip: If you are extra susceptible to cold, you could get a set of thermal inners. In our experience, wearing two T-shirts over another works as a better thermal. And they save you weight and space since you’re already carrying them.
4 Insulation Layers
For the Pin Bhaba Pass trek, you will need at least 4 warm layers.
You will need 1 pair of inner thermals, light fleece layers, 1 light sweater and 1 padded jacket. Do not get your grandma stitched sweaters, which can be very heavy. You need sweaters and fleece jackets that can fold into compact rolls.
For your outer layer, a padded jacket serves the purpose here. You don’t need a water-resistant material. But you need an outer padded jacket that keeps the wind and cold out. Ensure your padded jacket has a hood as well.
| Do you need a down/feather jacket? Not really. A regular padded/shell jacket will do. This video here will help you to learn more about the difference.
| Note: Down/feather jackets are not available these days. Many jackets masquerade as down/feather jackets. They are essentially fine polyester-filled jackets. They mimic the function of a down jacket but are usually expensive.
| Rental: Padded jackets made by Fort Collins are available for rent at the Indiahikes store. They are custom made for Indiahikes and trekkers find them terrific, even in winter. Rent here.
Two trek pants
Two pairs of trek pants should suffice for this trek. Wear one pair and carry one just in case it rains. Trek pants with zippered cut-offs at the thighs are very suitable for treks. Also, choose quick-dry pants over cotton. They dry up soon in case of small stream crossings/rain.
| Buying tip: Go for pants with zippered pockets. They come in handy to keep your phone, handkerchief or pocket snacks.
| Track pants or trek pants? Stretchable track pants make a good backup and can double up as your thermal bottoms. But track pants are not trekking pants — so don’t use them as your main outerwear. Keep them only as a backup.
Mandatory Accessories, without these too you won’t be able to do the trek.
These accessories are mandatory. Don’t go to Pin Bhaba Pass without them. Trekkers generally put off purchasing / borrowing the accessories for the last minute. We suggest the opposite. Start gathering these accessories first.
Sunglasses are to prevent snow blindness. On a trek like Pin Bhaba Pass, expect to walk on long stretches of snow. A small overexposure to direct sunlight on snow can lead to snow blindness (about a half hour’s exposure). That’s because fallen snow is like thousands of mirrors that reflect direct UV rays. So you need sunglasses with UV protection.
| Wearing tip: Wear sunglasses if the trekking day is bright and sunny (on open sections, meadows). On a snowy section, you must never take off your sunglasses until the section has been fully crossed.
| Buying Tip: Try getting sunglasses that wrap around instead of those that have openings on the side. Even peripheral UV ray exposure is not a good idea.
| If you wear spectacles: If you wear spectacles, you can get oversized sunglasses that you wear over your regular glasses (available at Decathlon). If that is cumbersome, photochromic lenses work equally well. Here’s a quick guide on managing sunglasses with spectacles.
| Contact lens users: If you use contact lenses, you can use them on the trek too. The lens solution will not freeze. You will also not face any problems in changing your lens in your tent. Just carry enough cleaning solution with you to clean your fingers well. Wear your sunglasses over your contact lens. Read this article for more guidance on managing contact lenses on treks.
2. Sun Cap
A sun cap is mandatory. Trekking without a sun cap can lead to headaches, sunstrokes, quick dehydration and a sharp drop in trekking performance.
| Tip: In the mountains, the general rule is to keep your head covered at all times. During the day a sun cap protects you from the harsh rays of the sun (it is doubly stronger with naked UV rays). A sun cap keeps your body temperature in balance. In the evening/early morning, the reverse is true. Your head loses your body heat quickly. A woollen cap prevents heat from dissipating from your head.
| Pro Tip: Sun caps with flaps are a blessing for trekkers. They cut out almost all UV leaks. They prevent sunburns in every possible way. They are a lot more effective than sunscreen lotion. A wide-brimmed sports hat also helps to prevent sunburn in a big way.
3. Synthetic Hand Gloves
On a trek like Pin Bhaba Pass, you want the gloves to keep you warm. Get synthetic hand gloves that have waterproofing on the outside and a padded lining on the inside. If you find the combination difficult to get (not likely), wear a tight-fitting fleece hand glove inside a synthetic hand glove. Hand gloves are mandatory on this trek.
4. Woollen Cap or Balaclava
Ensure these cover your ears. In the cold mountains, you lose maximum heat from your head, not from your hands, feet or the rest of your body. This is why you need to keep your head protected, especially when the sun is down. Early mornings, late evenings, and a cold trekking day are when you must use your woollen cap.
Your ears are sensitive too, so a woollen head cap that covers your ears is essential. A balaclava is a modern version of the woollen cap. It covers your ears, neck and parts of your face as well. Do not get a woollen cap that only covers your head.
5. Socks (3 Pairs)
Apart from two pairs of sports socks, take a pair of woollen socks. Sports socks give you cushioning plus warmth. Again the mantra is to wear synthetic socks or at least a synthetic blend. Cotton socks soak in water and sweat. They are very hard to dry.
As for woollen socks, they help you to keep warm and snug at the night. If you cannot get woollen socks, wearing two sports socks serves the purpose as well.
Trekkers are often confused about whether they need to get a headlamp or a handheld torch. You need to get a headlamp because it leaves your hands free to do other activities. On the Pin Bhaba Pass trek, you’ll need your hands free to wash dishes, pitch tents and hold your trek poles.
| Buying tip: Ensure your headlamp covers a wider area and is not too focused as a single beam. On a trek, your headlamp must help you see around you as much as ahead of you.
7. Trekking Poles (A Pair)
Trekking poles give you stability and balance. They reduce your energy consumption by almost 40%. On the Pin Bhaba Pass trek, there are steep ascents and descents. A pair of trekking poles will make the difference between a comfortable and a strenuous trek. In India, we tend to use a single trekking pole. However, two trekking poles give you greater stability and balance. They also increase your walking pace.
| Rental: Imported side-locking trekking poles are available for rent at the Indiahikes store. Rent here.
On a trek, the weather can change quickly. A bright sunny day can turn into a downpour in a matter of minutes. Carry a poncho or a rain jacket to tackle this. A poncho is a big rain cover with openings for your arms and your head. It is extremely effective because it covers both you and your backpack. It is extremely light and weighs next to nothing.
| Pro tip: Rain jackets are more streamlined and less cumbersome but weigh more. Rain pants are not required. Dry fit trek pants dry quickly even if soaking wet.
| Rental: High-grade ponchos are available for rent at the Indiahikes store. Rent here.
9. Rain cover for your backpack
Backpacks are your life. You carry all your dry clothes and your warm gear in your backpack. Your backpack must stay dry at all times. Modern backpacks usually come with built-in rain-covers. If your backpack does not have a rain cover, ensure you get a rain cover by either (a) buying a rain cover or (b) or cutting a large plastic sheet to the size of your backpack. You can roll the plastic sheet around your backpack and keep it in place with a string or elastic.
| Pro tip: It’s good practice to compartmentalise your clothes, accessories and other things in plastic covers inside your backpack. That way, even if it rains and your backpack gets wet, your things are water-proof inside the backpack.
10. Daypack (20-30 ltr, Optional)
In your daypack, you carry essentials like water bottles, rainwear, emergency medicines, a headlamp, some snacks and a warm layer. Your main backpack that carries most of your equipment is accessible only at the campsites.
A daypack is a smaller backpack that is usually of 20-30 ltr capacity. Laptop bags are not daypacks. Do not get them.
Other Mandatory Requirements
1. A Toilet Kit
Keep your toilet kit light. Carry just the basics — toothbrush, toothpaste, small soap, toilet tissue roll, a small moisturiser, lip balm, and a roll-on deodorant. You will not be able to have a bath on the trek, so don’t overload on soaps and shampoos.
| Pro tip: Carry miniature-sized items. You will not need more than that. If you’re travelling in a group, share one toothpaste for all.
| Pro tip: Avoid getting large toilet rolls. The smallest size roll is more than enough for a trek like Pin Bhaba Pass.
| For women: If you are likely to have your periods on your trek date, don’t worry about it. You can use your pads, tampons or menstrual cups on the trek. There will be toilet tents where you can get changed. Make sure you carry ziplock bags to bring back your menstrual waste. Don’t leave behind any waste in the mountains. Watch this video to learn how to dispose of your sanitary waste.
Carry a lunch box, a mug and a spoon. Your lunch box must be leakproof. You are expected to wash your cutlery. Trekkers often expect Indiahikes to wash their cutlery. When you allow Indiahikes to wash your cutlery, your cutlery becomes part of a mass washing system. You immediately invite germs, and bacteria to settle on your cutlery. The incidence of stomach disorders rises exponentially.
| Pro tip: Carry stainless steel cutlery. Avoid fancy high-grade plastic cutlery. Stainless steel cutlery is infinitely easier to wash in cold water. Grease is easier to remove and hygiene is at its highest.
| Two 1 litre bottles or a 2-litre hydration pack: Pin Bhaba Pass has many hours of trekking every day (approximately 6 hours). You need to carry two one-litre water bottles to keep yourself hydrated over the distance. If you are used to a hydration pack, then that is ok too. If one among the two bottles is a lightweight thermos, then that helps you to store warm water on a really cold day or for late evenings and early mornings.
| Rental: You could rent lightweight thermos flasks from the Indiahikes store. Rent here.
3. Plastic covers
Carry 3-4 old plastic covers to keep your used clothes. You could use them even for wet clothes. Re-use old plastic bags for this and do not buy new ones.
Carry these medicines with you, easily accessible at all times. Do not take any medicine unless you have consulted your trek leader.
- Diamox (1 Strip): Be on a course of a half tablet of Diamox starting from Delhi every 12 hours (125 mg). Carry on the medication until you descend to Mudh. Being on a preventive course of Diamox greatly reduces the chances of Acute Mountain Sickness on the Pin Bhaba trek.
- Dexamethasone (1 Strip): This is part of the Live Saving Drugs kit. Do not take this on your own. Your trek leader will inform you in case the need arises.
- Nifedipine (5 tablets): Again part of the Live Saving Drugs kit. Do not take this on your own. Your trek leader will inform you in case the need arises.
- Dolo 650 (5 tablets): This is a paracetamol. It helps to tackle fever, mild pain
- Avomine (4 tablets): Carry this especially if you are prone to motion sickness. Pop one-half hour before the start of your road journey.
- Combiflam (5 tablets): Take a combiflam if you get a sudden twist of the leg or a muscle strain. It is a pain reliever. It also contains paracetamol.
- Digene (4 tablets): Take it if you feel the food that you’ve taken is undigested. Alert your trek leader immediately. It could be a sign of AMS.
- ORS (6 packs): Consume a pack of ORS water at least once a day, usually mid-day when you are in the middle of your trek. It replenishes essential salts lost while trekking. Tip: It also makes cold water easier to drink.
- Knee Brace (optional): Carry this if you are prone to knee injury or have known issues of knee pain.
Our trek leaders carry a high altitude medical kit with them which also consist of Life Saving Drugs. If there is an emergency our trek leaders know how to tackle it. Meanwhile, contact your trek leader before consuming any of these medicines listed here.
Pro Tip: We find that these medicines by trekkers are rarely used. But you cannot do away with them. At the end of the trek please donate unused medicines to your trek leader. Some of these medicines get distributed to villages on the trek and some are added to the Indiahikes medical kit.
The Pin Bhaba Pass is roughly a 50 km trek starting at Kafnu in the Kinnaur region of Himachal Pradesh. The trek ends at the village of Mudh in the Spiti region of Himachal Pradesh.
Be prepared to walk long distances on the first and the last couple of days of the trek. It can be jarring.
Especially, on the final day of the trek, when you’re already exhausted you’re staring at a 16-18 km long day.
Kafnu is the last point that is electrically connected. However, the electricity is extremely intermittent and can be absent for most of the day.
So, we strongly encourage you to bring additional batteries for your cameras and a power bank with more than 10,000 mAh to last you the entire trek.
[protipProtip[/protip] Beware that the power from your batteries will drain faster in the cold temperatures of this region. So, put the batteries in a small pouch and keep them inside your sleeping bag to keep them warm during the night.
At Indiahikes, we understand the time, energy and efforts that you put into preparing for a trek.
And it is awful to have to leave the trek incomplete and come back because of any weather-related issues. Especially a trek as beautiful as Pin Bhaba.
Therefore we account for a buffer day to take care of any delays caused by weather or terrain related challenges that cause a delay in proceeding with the trek.
If buffer day is utilized, you will need to pay Rs.2,500 + 5% GST (Rs.125). This amount is to be handed over to your trek leader.
The Pin Bhaba Pass lies at a height of 16,105 ft.
Starting at Kafnu (7,878 ft) you climb to Pin Bhaba Pass (16,105 ft) over the next 4 days of trekking. The trail climbs until Mulling followed by a steady climb until Phutsirang where the trail climbs again. The descent that follows too is not an easy one.
This trek does require a great amount of cardiovascular endurance as well as strong legs. Prepare well.
Rampur Bushahr is the last place en route Kafnu to make withdrawals to keep some cash handy. All major private and public sector banks have their ATMs and even branches in Rampur.
Once you cross the pass, Kaza has an SBI ATM, but there have been regular reports of it being out of order or out of cash.
Therefore, Rampur Bushahr is your best option if you want to withdraw cash. Although there is no opportunity to spend money while on the trek (except in case of a buffer day being used).
You will find mobile phone networks — Airtel, Vodafone and BSNL at the base camp. But after that, there’ll only be Airtel 4G network at Kafnu.
On the other side of the pass, Kaza has a mobile phone network and internet connection but don’t count on them to be reliable.
Before you register for the trek, we would like you to understand the challenges, and the fitness required.
On Difficult treks, you’re likely to trek around 12-20 km each day. Expect extremely steep ascents and descents. Expect maximum altitudes above 15,000 ft, which can go up to 19,000+ ft. Technical sections (such as rockfall zones, near-vertical sections, glacier walks, boulder and scree sections) are an everyday affair. Some sections can only be crossed with the help of our Technical Staff.
Difficult treks are the most demanding, which is why we take only those trekkers with prior trekking experience on them.
To do a difficult trek, target running 10 km within 60 minutes consistently. This will be possible only if you can run 5 km within 30 minutes comfortably before signing up for a difficult trek.
This fitness chart will help you get there by following the plan for 8 weeks (or 2 months) before the start of your trek.
You will receive a questionnaire asking for your current fitness level and high altitude experience. Only those who have prior high altitude trekking experience will be allowed to sign up for difficult treks.
If you’re above the age of 58 years, you’ll also need to submit your Treadmill Test within 7 days of completing your registration.
Having too many mules on a trail isn’t good for the ecosystem. This is why, at Indiahikes, we do not encourage offloading. A trekker carries his/her own backpack in the true spirit of trekking.
But if — due to a medical condition — you are unable to carry your own backpack, you may offload your backpack.
The total cost of offloading on the Pin Bhaba trek is Rs 3,500 + 5% GST .
We recommend jogging as the best routine to get fit for a trek. It works on the same muscles that you use while trekking — your calves, glutes and hamstrings. It helps increase your stamina day by day. It is also an easy routine that does not require any equipment or tools.
To do this trek comfortably, you must be able to cover 10 km in under 60 minutes. This is the minimum fitness required for this trek.
How to achieve this fitness?
- Start jogging at least 4 days a week
- If you cannot run 5 km immediately, start with 2 km and increase to 10 km over 2-3 weeks.
- Once you’re able to run 10 km, increase your pace day by day.
- Gradually increase your pace and bring it down to 10 km in less than 60 mins.
- You must be able to run 10 km in 60 mins consistently for at least 2 weeks before the trek.
This trek requires at least 6-8 weeks of preparation. The longer, the better. So plan your trek soon and start preparing.
Strength training tips:
How to get Fitness Approval from the Indiahikes team:
Every trekker needs fitness approval from the Indiahikes team 20 days before the trek date. Without this, you will not be allowed on the trek.
What to upload?
- A minimum of 3 screenshots of your runs/jogs/walks/cycling
- Monthly summary of your routine
Why fitness matters:
Every high-altitude trek comes with a set of challenges. Steep ascents and descents, uneven terrain, snow walks, stream crossings, pass crossings, and summit climb. Even the easiest of treks have some of these challenges if not all of them. Without fitness, trekkers struggle, get injured easily, lag behind, or simply fail to complete the trek.
At Indiahikes, we take pride in the fact that our trekkers are among the fittest in the country. Those who do not meet the fitness requirements are often sent back. Our philosophy is that trekking and fitness go hand in hand. Without fitness, there’s no trekking.
The dense Mulling forest is filled with mixed coniferous trees. Picture by Sandhya UC
In patches, you also spot vibrant bistorts swaying in the mountain air. Photo by Anurag
Mulling Campsite. Picture by Gourab Nandi
What I Like and Don’t Like About the Pin Bhaba Pass Trek
What I Like About the Pin Bhaba Pass Trek
Why I Believe Everyone Must Trek: A Note from the Founder
Trekking transforms lives. It has changed my life completely. When I see my colleagues at Indiahikes, all of them have been impacted greatly. The transformations have been profound and irreversible.
I see it in our trekkers too. I have seen them change professions, careers or start a new life. I have seen them get in and out of relationships, and start new projects. These are life-changing experiences.
I have seen children building resilience. I have seen families come together. When I see those above 55, I see them rediscover passion and a sense of purpose. These are not small gains.
In the mountains new professions, new economies and new businesses have opened up. Our staff no longer go to cities to earn their living. Their income has increased. Above all, they are happiest working in this world. Trekking has been truly transformative.
Everyone must trek. It transforms lives far more than you imagine.
Things Nobody Tells You About Pin Bhaba Pass
Did you know that Pin Bhaba Pass is one of the highest pass crossing treks in the country?
On the Pin Bhaba trek, you don't just cross a pass. You get to a height of 16,200 ft. It's one of the most spectacular treks to be on. You'll be amazed by the variety of landscapes you find on the trek. It goes from lush greenery to snowy areas to a cold arid desert. What more would you need?
Even the campsites on the trek give you the best views. It begins with Mulling – a major highlight of the trek. It's situated across a beautiful river. The lush green valley behind the Karah campsite will also bewilder you.
Bhaba river is a sight to catch. There is a dam under the river, which is one of the major hydroelectric projects in the country. You wouldn't even realize there could be a dam underground.
Did you know there is a beautiful village on the other side of Pin Bhaba Pass?
Locals say that the trek is only 60% complete if you don't visit Mudh village after the trek.
It's a secluded village. The architecture and lifestyle of this village will astonish you. The people are warm and welcoming and will make you feel at home.
You would also enjoy some mouth-watering Tibetan Momos and Thukpa. Tibetan food is unique and refreshing. Although they don't use a lot of spices, the food will delight you. You'll get a chance to delve into the splendid landscapes. Remember to keep a camera handy.
You would be saddened if you did the trek and didn't stay at this village later on. Spending a day after your trek will give you a deeper glimpse into Buddhism and Tibetan culture.
Take back ancient stories, memories, a new cuisine, and amazing photographs from this lovely Mudh village.
Did you know the geological importance the Pin Valley holds?
Pin Valley is a very rich geological place. It is abundant in Quartz Arenites(sandstone).
This entire region of Spiti is the remains of the Tethys Sea. You can easily see the rock strata from different geological eras. A lot of marine fossils have been found at Langza.
In fact, the village of Mudh holds an important place for geologists as Moravian(present-day Czechia) geologist Ferdinand Stoliczka studied the rock layers at Mudh in the 1860s and currently it is known as the Mudh Series or Mudh Formation.
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