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How We Choose Campsites On Himalayan Treks
Category Thursday Trek Talk Indiahikes Impact
By Swathi Chatrapathy
Last week, we had a fascinating conversation in office about campsites — specifically on how we choose campsites. I found it extremely interesting because so much goes into actually choosing a campsite, and we rarely give it a thought.
Indiahikes has been exploring and changing trekking routes for over a decade now. One big part of setting up trekking routes is finding the right campsites. The Sundarsar campsite on the Tarsar Marsar trek, the Dayara campsite on the Buran Ghati trek, the Pushtara campsite on the Phulara Ridge trek — these are some campsites we have identified and established over the past few years.
You’ll be quite surprised at how many elements have to actually fall in place to set up a single campsite.
So today, I’m going to give you peek behind the scenes!
Let’s dive right in!
There are basically 5 aspects that have to come together for us to set up a campsite.
1. A good water source
This comes first and foremost. And this water has to be potable. At high altitude campsites, it’s nearly impossible to boil water at every campsite to make it potable for a group of 20 people. So the water has to be clean and fit for use.
This water source could be in the form of a stream, a river, sometimes even a pipe that has been put in place by the forest department.
Good water source campsites: On treks like Rupin Pass, Har Ki Dun and the Chhattisgarh Jungle Trek, where you’re trekking beside a river throughout, it’s easy to set up camp anywhere because there’s plenty of water.
Bad water source campsites: The Talkhetra campsite on our new Kedarkantha trail has extremely beautiful settings, but there is very less water. On many treks, water sources freeze in winter, making it difficult to camp there! Bhagwabhasa on the Roopkund trek is one such campsite where water sources often freeze.
The Rupin Pass trek has resplendent water sources throughout the trek, making it easy to set up camp. Picture by Swathi Chatrapathy
2. Level and open space
This is the next basic requirement. Everyone wants a good nights’ sleep after a long day’s trek, and sleeping on an uneven surface is a nightmare. And we usually need enough space for 6-7 tents.
Also, we make sure we camp only in open grounds and not under trees. We want don’t strong winds to bring branches crashing down on our tents. So even in forests, we look out for clearings to camp in.
Good campsites for space and level ground: There are several treks with ideal settings in terms of this — the Khorurai campsite on the Brahmatal trek, the Dayara campsite on the Buran Ghati trek, the Lohali campsite on the Beas Kund trek are splendid campsites!
Bad campsites for space and level ground: But there are some campsite that have unavoidable space issues — Bakhim and Sachen, both on the Goechala trek are completely cramped for space. The Bhojkarak campsite on the Kedartal trek has hardly any level ground. It is expected in such alpine settings, but unavoidable nevertheless.
The Bhoj Kharak campsite on the Kedartal trek is a campsite that has very uneven ground for camping. Picture by Franchelle DSouza.
3. The right altitude break
Our challenge here lies in finding a campsite that is at right altitude intervals — not too less that you haven’t covered much ground at all. Not so much that you’re susceptible to AMS. We cannot afford an elevation gain of more than 2,000 – 2,500 ft. Even around 3000 ft is extreme. The number of altitude sickness cases increase immediately.
Good altitude gain treks: Compared to most treks in the Indian Himalayas, the Rupin Pass trek is actually laid out beautifully in terms of altitude gain. You gain just the right amount of altitude everyday — around 2,000 ft. Consequently we see very few AMS cases on this trek. Brahmatal is another trek where you have just the right amount of altitude gain.
Bad altitude gain treks: The Goechala trek is quite notorious for its altitude gains. So is our recently opened Mukta Top trek. In fact, the “altitude gain” factor is one of the reasons we had to stop the Kuari Pass trek after the ban to camp in bugyals — Gorson Bugyal was at a crucial altitude to help trekkers acclimatise.
The Brahmatal trek has campsites with just the right amount of altitude gain. Picture of the Khorurai campsite shot by Anurag Singh
4. The right distance
With altitude, we also have to keep in mind distances. The ideal distance to cover everyday is within 8 km. Now, we have to make sure of the right altitude gain, a good water source and level, open ground falling within this 8 km range. Any more than that, the trek could get too difficult.
Good distance campsites: Hampta Pass is a trek that has campsites at ideal distances. So is Tarsar Marsar. In fact, most of our moderate treks have ideal distances covered everyday.
Bad distance campsites: Kashmir Great Lakes is one trek where we have to trek long distances every day for the other aspects of water, space and altitude to fall in place. Rupin Pass is another such trek. On both these treks, you trek almost 10 km everyday.
The Tarsar Marsar trek has campsites that are laid out at ideal distances. Picture by Raghavendra SN
5. Scenic beauty
If all those requirements weren’t enough, at Indiahikes, we are very particular about every campsite being aesthetically pretty! As trekkers ourselves, we know what it’s like to camp and wake up in a gorgeous campsite! So we look for good views, a calm ambience, safe places to explore around.
Few of our prettiest campsites: Right off the bat, the Tarsar campsite comes to mind. We love it when trekkers flip out a book and sit beside the lake on a rock to read. The Dayara campsite on the Buran Ghati trek is worth giving an arm for too.
Not so pretty campsites: Well, this is a hard one. We don’t camp at not-so-pretty campsites. But Kheerganga is one such example, it was extremely crowded.
Spot the campsite in the meadows of Dayara on the Buran Ghati trek. We believe this is one of our most ideal campsites. Picture by Sandhya UC
It’s incredible how the entire combination of good water sources, open space right distances, correct altitude gains and scenic beauty have to fall in place, not just once, but at least 4 times, for a whole trekking trail to take form.
And we love the challenge of setting these up! 🙂
So that’s about how we choose our campsites.
If you have any questions about this, just drop in a comment, we’ll give you answers!
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